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tanzania history

Savannah Explorers

Tanzania is the pearl of Africa

Tanzania history and useful information: climate and weather, international phone calls, international airports and vaccinations.


The present country of Tanzania came into being in 1964 with the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar . There are over 120tribes on the mainland, most of which migrated from other parts of Africa. The fist Europeans to arrive were the Portuguese, who controlled most of the costal region. The Portuguese also controlled Zanzibar until 1699 when they were  ousted from the island by Omari Arabis. In the late 19th century, along with Rwanda and Burundi, Tanganyika was  absorbed into the colony of German East Africa as a consequence of a deal between the British and Germans.
Following the German defeat in world war, the territory was administered by the British under successive league of Nation and United Nations Mandates. Tanganyika become independent within the Commonwealth in 1961 after a period of self-government during which the principal nationalist part, the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), emerged as the dominant political force. Its charismatic leader, Julius Nyerere, held the post of President from indent from independence to 1985. In 1964, Tanganyika joined with Zanzibar and become Tanzania.


  • Capital: Dodoma 
    System of government: Tanzania is a multiparty democratic republic 
    Popolation: 36.300.000 
    Size: 945.080 kmq 
    Electricity: 240 Volts AC, 50 – 60 Hz 
    Language: Kiswahili & English 
    Religion: Christianity (45%) is the predominant religion, 
    followed by Islam (40%). 
    Currency: Tanzania Shillings (TZS)


The climate is tropical and costal area are usually hot and humid but regulated by sea breezes. There are two season of  rain in Tanzania: the long rain run from late March until June and short rains fall in heavy downpours, often accompanied  by violent storms. The short rains tend to be much less seven. The hottest time of the year is December to March and  the coolest months are June, July and August. In high altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro or the Ngorongoro highlands  temperatures can fall below zero Celsius degrees (freezing).


Mobile network is good and usually available also during the safari, climbing and Zanzibar. You can buy a local SIM card (or micro SIM) for voice and data. In this way you can connect to internet and send mails, messages, Skype etc.
International code for Tanzania is +255.
Often in Lodges and Hotels there is a little business center or WIFI networks.

International airports

Dar Er Salaam International is 15km South-West of the city, traffic is terrible and transfer time is unpredictable. 
Zanzibar International Airport is approximately 7 km from the center of Stone Town, transfer Stone Town to airport is around 30 min.
Kilimanjaro International Airport lies 40 Km from Arusha, transfer time around 1 hour.


There are no mandatory vaccinations visiting Tanzania. Yellow fever is necessary only if you come from an endemic area; connection flight is not taken into consideration if you stay inside the airport and connection time is less than 12 hours.

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